Rectal bleeding is defined as blood that comes through the anal-rectal area, which is usually noticed when one has a bowel movement. Rectal bleeding is a general term that may refer to the presence of blood that ranges from very bright red to a dark, reddish maroon-brown or even black. Blood may be present in the stool, on toilet paper, or in the toilet bowl. Typically, the closer the problem is to the anus, the brighter red the blood will be. Blood in the stool might not be noticed at all due to its darker color. When the bleeding is being caused by a problem higher up in the gastrointestinal tract (from ulcers, the duodenum, or the small intestine), it can cause stool to turn a dark color. If you require rectal bleeding treatment, contact chronic rectal bleeding specialist Dr. Borcich as soon as possible.
Due to the fact that rectal bleeding can signify a broad array of possible problems – from issues in the colon, rectum, and anus, to disorders much higher up in the digestive system – it is a symptom that warrants proper medical evaluation. While the majority of gastrointestinal bleeding, once evaluated, proves to have a non-dangerous basis, the undefined cause could be potentially life-threatening and must be diagnosed. An examination with an experienced NYC gastroenterologist such as Dr. Anthony Borcich is the first step to identifying the underlying cause of your acute or chronic rectal bleeding and determining the best treatment options to relieve your symptoms. If you are experiencing rectal bleeding, contact our gastroenterology specialists immediately for diagnosis and treatment.
What causes anal / rectal bleeding?
Most often, rectal bleeding is caused by a tear in the skin of the anus (called an anal fissure), chronic constipation, hard stools, or hemorrhoids. These conditions are not usually chronic or terribly serious if diagnosed and treated properly.
More serious causes of rectal bleeding include:
- Anal cancer
- Colon cancer
- Polyps in the colon
- Inflammation of the colon (colitis), which can be caused by an infection (pseudomembranous colitis), by reduced blood flow (ischemic colitis) or by inflammation with sores in the digestive tract (ulcerative colitis)
- An ulcer in the rectum (solitary rectal ulcer)
- Inflammation of the rectum (proctitis)
- Crohn’s disease
- Radiation therapy
- A bulging pouch that forms on the wall of the large intestine (diverticulosis)
- When part of the rectum protrudes through the anus (rectal prolapse)
What symptoms are associated with anal / rectal bleeding?
Rectal bleeding may cause or coincide with other symptoms, which may include:
- Abdominal pain
- Straining during bowel movements
- Itching or irritation
- A lump or swelling around the anus
- Joint pain and arthritis
- Certain skin problems
How is anal / rectal bleeding treated?
The first step to learning about your acute or chronic rectal bleeding treatment in New York City is an examination with a rectal bleeding specialist to properly diagnose your condition. Dr. Borcich will start with a thorough evaluation, including a review of your medical history, your symptoms, and a physical exam. If necessary, he will order further testing to make a proper diagnosis, which may include a colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy.
Once the cause of your anal bleeding has been identified, Dr. Borcich will be able to recommend a treatment plan tailored to your needs. Conservative rectal bleeding treatments such as medications and lifestyle modifications are always the first options explored. However, when necessary, patients of Dr. Borcich will have access to the latest, state-of-the-art surgical options, including hemorrhoid treatment.
If rectal bleeding is severe or chronic, an evaluation with an experienced Manhattan gastroenterologist is the first step to finding relief. Anthony Borcich, M.D. specializes in diagnosing and treating issues of the stomach and digestive system that lead to rectal bleeding and is known for his compassionate care and personalized approach. Schedule an appointment today by contacting our office or filling out the schedule appointment form on this page.